How to Start a Summary


If you are a researcher, then writing a summary is one of the most common skills you need to master. But it’s much easier said than done. Much like any other writing skill, summary writing consists of a few rules you need to know. Since this is a kind of paper that students often write in their own words, adhering to these guidelines will make it more effective. In this post, I will be listing all the aspects necessary to keep in mind before starting a summary. 

Starting Summaries 

First, we’ll be looking at how to start a summary. Well, for that, one has to write an introductory paragraph that will have two sub-sections, such as general details and article-specific information. 

The general part usually showcases some trivia about the author and the study topics. As a rule, one must start the summary with the names and surnames of the author. If, however, there is more than one writer present for a given topic, the instructors must consult with the students to resolve the matter.  

Moving on, the students must mention the title of the article that has been summarized. In this case, one must bear in mind to write the title in the same format that was selected for the paper itself. It is essential in the context of including the source’s title text in the essay’s text. This makes it easier for readers to learn about the necessary details regarding the summarized article. 

Ending of Summaries: 

Now, let’s talk about how to end the summary. After the initial information in the first paragraph, whatever is left is very much specific to articles while summarizing them. For instance, students often present various background information about the topic keeping in mind the context.  

In such a scenario, most readers are quite aware of the general topics of interest. After this part is over, the students need to present the research questions. They must also mention information about the technique of starting a summary. This is important as it covers specific aspects of generalized topics pertaining to the studies. 

One must also bear in mind that the concluding part of the first paragraph showcases the study hypothesis. For that, this part must provide more details about the approach taken to investigate the research questions.  

Once the paragraph is complete, all the readers will have a much clearer picture of all the research scopes. 

10 Steps of Starting a Summary: 

Here is a step-by-step process to start a summary. 

  • First, you need to find an article that you can summarize. 
  • Then you have to note the name of the author(s) of the article along with its title. 
  • You must read the article very carefully. 
  • After reading the article, try to find the main or central idea of the text. 
  • It’s better to outline the key points that support an idea discussed in the article. 
  • Then you need to start with the summary with an introductory sentence, reflecting the author and the title. 
  • Next, you must write about the central idea of the text presented by the author. 
  • Use the supporting points retrieved from the article. 
  • Use all the relevant details about the topic presented by the author. 
  • Write a concluding sentence, covering the crux of the article. 



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